[Changes in corneal thickness and endothelial cell density after cataract extraction using phacoemulsification]

Ophthalmologe. 1997 Jul;94(7):515-8. doi: 10.1007/s003470050150.
[Article in German]


Corneal metabolism is reduced after cataract extraction.

Patients and methods: In a prospective study the corneal thickness and endothelial cell count of 48 patients were examined after phacoemulsification. Corneal thickness was measured with an ultrasound pachymeter and the endothelial cell count with a contact endothelial camera at the 12 o'clock position and in the corneal center before and 4 weeks, 4 months and 1 year after operation.

Results: One year after the operation, corneal thickness increased about 9% in the 12 o'clock position and about 12% in the corneal center. The endothelial cell count decreased about 27% in the 12 o'clock position and about 18% in the corneal center. We measured a significant correlation between cell loss and age at both points. Concerning the corneal thickness, no significant correlation was found.

Conclusion: After cataract extraction corneal metabolism is reduced. The endothelial cell count or corneal thickness can be used as an indicator of the corneal trauma resulting from the operation.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cell Count
  • Cornea / pathology*
  • Endothelium, Corneal / pathology*
  • Energy Metabolism
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Phacoemulsification*
  • Postoperative Complications / pathology*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Refraction, Ocular