Applications of the green fluorescent protein in cell biology and biotechnology

Nat Biotechnol. 1997 Oct;15(10):961-4. doi: 10.1038/nbt1097-961.


The recent emergence of an autofluorescent protein, the green fluorescent protein (GFP), has opened the door for the convenient use of intact living cells and organisms as experimental systems in fields ranging from cell biology to biomedicine. We present an overview of some of the major applications of GFP, namely its use in protein tagging and in monitoring gene expression as well as its potential in a variety of biological screens.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biotechnology / trends
  • Cells / chemistry*
  • Cells / metabolism
  • Drosophila / genetics
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Gene Expression Regulation / genetics*
  • Genetic Engineering / trends
  • Genetic Therapy / trends
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins
  • Luminescent Proteins / chemistry*
  • Luminescent Proteins / genetics*
  • Luminescent Proteins / physiology
  • Mutation / genetics
  • Scyphozoa / physiology
  • Signal Transduction / genetics


  • Luminescent Proteins
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins