The Ca(2+)-binding epidermal growth factor (cbEGF)-like module is a structural component of numerous diverse proteins and occurs almost exclusively within repeated motifs. Notch-1, a fundamental receptor for cell fate decisions, contains 36 extracellular EGF modules in tandem, of which 21 are potentially Ca(2+)-binding. We report the Ca(2+)-binding properties of EGF11-12 and EGF10-13 from human Notch-1 (hNEGF11-12 and hNEGF10-13), modules previously shown to support Ca(2+)-dependent interactions with the ligands Delta and Serrate. Ca2+ titrations in the presence of chromophoric chelators, 5,5'-Br2BAPTA and 5-NBAPTA, gave two binding constants for hNEGF11-12, Kd1 = 3.4 x 10(-5) M and Kd2 > 2.5 x 10(-4) M. The high-affinity site was found to be localized to hNEGF12. Titration of hNEGF10-13 gave three binding constants, Kd1 = 3.1 x 10(-6) M, Kd2 = 1.6 x 10(-4) M, and Kd3 > 2.5 x 10(-4) M, demonstrating that assembly of EGF modules in tandem can increase Ca2+ affinity. The highest affinity sites in hNEGF11-12 and hNEGF10-13 had 10 to 100-fold higher affinity than reported for EGF32-33 and EGF25-31, respectively, from fibrillin-1, a connective tissue protein with 43 cbEGF modules. A model of hNEGF11-12 based on fibrillin-1 EGF32-33 demonstrates electronegative potential that could contribute to the higher affinity of the Ca(2+)-binding site in hNEGF12. These data demonstrate that the Ca2+ affinity of cbEGF repeats can be highly variable among different classes of cbEGF containing proteins.