The effectiveness of brief social skills training (SST) was evaluated in a controlled outcome study with 27 children meeting criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (3rd ed., revised; American Psychiatric Association, 1987) for an attention deficit disorder. Children were randomly assigned to either SST with parent-mediated generalization (SST-PG), child-only SST, or a wait-list control group. SST consisted of 8 group sessions in which skill modules were taught sequentially. Parents of children in the SST-PG group simultaneously participated in group generalization training designed to support their children's transfer of skills. Significant improvement in children's skill knowledge and in parent reports of social skills and disruptive behavior occurred for both treatment groups relative to the wait-list control group and maintained at a 4-month follow-up. More modest evidence was found for generalization of SST to the school setting.