Molecular cloning, sequencing, and expression in Escherichia coli of mouse flavin-containing monooxygenase 3 (FMO3): comparison with the human isoform

Arch Biochem Biophys. 1997 Nov 1;347(1):9-18. doi: 10.1006/abbi.1997.0322.


The sequence of mouse flavin-containing monooxygenase 3 (FMO3) was obtained from several clones isolated from a mouse liver cDNA library. The nucleotide sequence of mouse FMO3 was 2020 bases in length containing 37 bases in the 5' flanking region, 1602 in the coding region, and 381 in the 3' flanking region. The derived protein sequence consisted of 534 amino acids including the putative flavin adenine dinucleotide and NADP+ pyrophosphate binding sites (characteristic of mammalian FMOs) starting at positions 9 and 191, respectively. The mouse FMO3 protein sequence was 79 and 82% identical to the human and rabbit FMO3 sequences, respectively. Mouse FMO3 was expressed in Escherichia coli and compared to E. coli expressed human FMO3. The FMO3 proteins migrated with the same mobility ( approximately 58 kDa) as determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and immunoblotting. The expressed FMO3 enzymes (mouse and human forms) were sensitive to heat and reacted in a similar manner toward metal ions and detergent. Catalytic activities of mouse and human FMO3 were high toward the substrate methimazole; however, in the presence of trimethylamine and thioacetamide, FMO-dependent methimazole oxidation by both enzymes was reduced by greater than 85%. Other substrates which inhibited methimazole oxidation were thiourea and thiobenzamide and to a lesser degree N,N-dimethylaniline. When probed with mouse FMO3 cDNA, FMO3 transcripts were detected in hepatic mRNA samples from female mice, but not in samples from males. FMO3 was detected in mRNA samples from male and female mouse lung, but FMO3 message was not detected in mouse kidney sample from either gender. Results of immunoblotting confirmed the tissue- and gender-dependent expression of mouse FMO3.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Catalysis
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Enzyme Stability
  • Escherichia coli / genetics
  • Female
  • Gene Expression
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Liver / enzymology
  • Male
  • Methimazole / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Oxygenases / chemistry*
  • Oxygenases / genetics*
  • Oxygenases / metabolism
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis
  • Recombinant Proteins / chemistry
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid


  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Methimazole
  • Oxygenases
  • dimethylaniline monooxygenase (N-oxide forming)

Associated data

  • GENBANK/U87147