Complex FISH probes for the subtelomeric regions of all human chromosomes: comparative hybridization of CEPH YACs to chromosomes of the Old World monkey Presbytis cristata and great apes

Cytogenet Cell Genet. 1997;78(1):12-9. doi: 10.1159/000134616.


We have generated a human subtelomere probe panel, utilizing well characterized CEPH YACs, for the investigation of human chromosome pathology and evolution through fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). Region-specific FISH probes will be extremely valuable for detecting cytogenetically cryptic telomere abnormalities. Here, we present the first comparative mapping study (with 29 subtelomere probes and 6 chromosome paints) to the Old World monkey Presbytis cristata, followed by hybridizations to the great apes, gorilla and orangutan, when rearrangements were detected. We observed that the position of telomere-associated genomic sequences has been only moderately conserved during primate evolution. YAC 364f9, specific for the subtelomeric long arm of human chromosome 3, contains an evolutionary inversion breakpoint that was involved in independent chromosome rearrangements in P. cristata and gorilla.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Line, Transformed
  • Cercopithecidae / genetics
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes, Artificial, Yeast*
  • Conserved Sequence*
  • DNA Probes
  • Evolution, Molecular
  • Gorilla gorilla / genetics
  • Haplorhini / genetics*
  • Hominidae / genetics*
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
  • Lymphocytes
  • Male
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization
  • Pongo pygmaeus / genetics
  • Telomere / genetics*


  • DNA Probes