Increased interstitial histamine concentration in the psoriatic plaque

J Invest Dermatol. 1997 Nov;109(5):632-5. doi: 10.1111/1523-1747.ep12337620.


The psoriatic plaque contains an increased number of mast cells that are thought to have an important role in the initiation and maintenance of psoriatic lesions through the release of mediators such as histamine, proteoglycans, lipid mediators, and cytokines. It is not known, however, whether the interstitial concentration of histamine (and other mediators) is truly increased in the psoriatic plaque. The aim of the present study was to examine histamine concentration and histamine release from involved and uninvolved skin of psoriatic patients. Intracutaneous microdialysis was performed in lesional and nonlesional skin of 23 psoriatic subjects. The relative recovery of histamine was assessed after calibration in situ to approximately 76% in both lesional and nonlesional skin. The interstitial histamine concentration was 32 +/- 3 nmol per liter in lesional skin and 13 +/- 1 nmol per liter in nonlesional skin (mean +/- SEM) (p < 0.001). Dermal histamine release was estimated according to the Fick principle after measurements of the arterialized venous plasma histamine concentration (3 +/- 1 nmol per liter) and blood flow and was found to be 10-fold increased in lesional compared with nonlesional skin. The results are compatible with the hypothesis that mast cells in lesional skin secrete an increased amount of histamine that may contribute to the immunostimulation and inflammation in the psoriatic plaque.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Erythrocytes / pathology
  • Extravasation of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Materials / blood
  • Female
  • Histamine / analysis*
  • Histamine Release*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Microdialysis
  • Middle Aged
  • Psoriasis / pathology*
  • Regional Blood Flow
  • Skin / blood supply
  • Skin / chemistry
  • Skin / pathology*


  • Histamine