Two hundred and one cases of legionnaires' disease were reported to the PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre in 1996. Twenty-four cases (12%) were known to have died. One hundred and one cases were associated with travel, either abroad or in the United Kingdom. Two cases acquired infection in hospital, the smallest number ever reported, and the remaining 98 were presumed to have acquired infection in the community. Fifty-five (27%) of the 201 cases were linked to outbreaks or clusters and the remaining 146 (73%) were reported as single cases. Six outbreaks were associated with industrial premises. Twenty-two of the travel associated cases were part of three travel outbreaks and six clusters. The proportion of cases diagnosed by detection of urinary antigen has continued to increase and in 1996 this method of diagnosis was used for 43% of the cases.