Psycho-education in bipolar disorder: effect on expressed emotion

Psychiatry Res. 1997 Aug 29;72(1):17-22. doi: 10.1016/s0165-1781(97)00072-3.


In a waiting-list controlled study on a multi-family psycho-educational intervention in bipolar disorder, key relatives in the treatment group showed a significant change from high to low levels of expressed emotion (EE) compared with the control group. In addition, patients with low-EE key relatives had a significantly lower number of hospital admissions compared with those living with high-EE key relatives. The multi-family groups were well received by the participants, and there were only a few drop-outs.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Controlled Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bipolar Disorder / psychology
  • Bipolar Disorder / therapy*
  • Caregivers / education*
  • Caregivers / psychology
  • Expressed Emotion*
  • Family Relations
  • Family Therapy / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Admission
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Psychotherapy, Group / methods
  • Treatment Outcome