Infiltrating lobular carcinoma (ILC) and infiltrating ductal carcinoma (IDC) are distinguished by their histopathological appearance. However, little is known about the differences in genetic changes between lobular cancers and ductal cancers. We used comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) and compared aberrations in 19 ILCs and 46 IDCs. The total number of aberrations was lower in ILC than in IDC. While the average number of DNA copy number losses did not reach significance between them, copy number gains were significantly lower in ILCs. Fifteen of 19 ILCs (79%) showed increased copy number of 1q, and 12 cases (63%) revealed loss of 16q. The presence of these aberrations was independent of nodal status, histologic subtypes (pleomorphic or classic ILC), or BrdUrd-labeling index. ILCs had a higher frequency of 16q loss than did ductal cancers, and a lower frequency of 8q and 20q gains. Our data suggest that the altered growth pattern and clinical presentation which characterize infiltrating lobular cancers are correlated with distinct genetic alterations.