Protective genes expressed in endothelial cells: a regulatory response to injury

Immunol Today. 1997 Oct;18(10):483-6. doi: 10.1016/s0167-5699(97)01129-8.


Endothelial cells (ECs) have evolved to guard against insults that incite inflammation. Response to injury is an active process that, if uncontrolled, can progress to EC death (apoptosis). Here Fritz Bach and colleagues suggest that ECs have a balancing component to their proinflammatory response: they upregulate a set of protective genes, including anti-apoptotic genes, that serve to limit the activation process and thereby regulate the response to injury.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Apoptosis / genetics
  • Endothelium / immunology*
  • Endothelium / injuries
  • Endothelium / metabolism
  • Gene Expression
  • Graft Rejection
  • Graft Survival
  • Humans
  • Inflammation / etiology
  • Models, Biological
  • NF-kappa B / metabolism
  • Transplantation, Heterologous


  • NF-kappa B