Hydranencephaly with renal dysgenesis: a coincidental finding? Case report with review of the literature

Gynecol Obstet Invest. 1997;44(3):206-10. doi: 10.1159/000291522.


We present the case of a female fetus aborted in the 20th week of gestation due to severely dysplastic kidneys, anhydramnios and hydranencephalus. The combination of these malformations is extremely rare, resulting in only 4 cases described so far. Our case is the first ever presented in a female showing polycystic-dysplastic kidneys. Multiple multinucleated neurons were a remarkable finding in the remnants of the brain. The possibility of an underlying genetic disorder is discussed, together with a brief review of the literature to date.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Abortion, Induced
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Gestational Age
  • Humans
  • Hydranencephaly / complications*
  • Hydranencephaly / diagnosis
  • Kidney / abnormalities*
  • Kidney / diagnostic imaging
  • Kidney / pathology
  • Male
  • Polycystic Kidney Diseases / complications*
  • Polycystic Kidney Diseases / congenital
  • Polycystic Kidney Diseases / diagnosis
  • Pregnancy
  • Ultrasonography, Prenatal