Although GS and CYC have been important agents in improving the outcome and survival of patients with systemic vasculitis, they carry their own risk of drug-induced morbidity and mortality. It has also become apparent that these medications are not the final answer in disease management because some forms of vasculitis have the potential to relapse or be treatment resistant. For these reasons, the pursuit of effective, less toxic therapeutic alternatives is critical. Initial results from the use of MTX in systemic vasculitis have been encouraging. Although drug-related toxicity and disease relapse have still been found to occur, MTX appears to be a valuable addition in the treatment of vasculitis. Further studies will be necessary to determine the optimal way that this agent may be used to safely and effectively manage vasculitic disease.