Immunization of seronegative infants with hepatitis A vaccine (HAVRIX; SKB): a comparative study of two dosing schedules

Vaccine. 1997 Oct;15(15):1613-7. doi: 10.1016/s0264-410x(97)00199-0.


Hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection is of public health significance among infants and diapered children. Although two licensed HAV vaccines are available, they have not been assessed widely in children under the age of 2 years and are not currently licensed for this age group. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the immunogenicity and reactogenicity of HAV vaccine in seronegative infants. Fifty-three healthy infants were immunized with 360 ELISA Units (EL.U.) of an inactivated HAV vaccine at 2, 4, and 6 (Group 1) or 2, 4, and 15 months of age (Group 2). These injections were not received on the same day that participants received their routine childhood immunizations. HAV serum antibodies were detected using a modified radioimmunoassay procedure and concentrations were calculated using a World Health Organization serum anti-HAV reference standard. No serious-systemic or local reactions were noted among the immunized infants. Three months following the third immunization, seroconversion rates were 100% and 93% in groups 1 and 2, respectively. No significant differences were observed in the geometric mean anti-HAV concentrations between the two groups at comparable time points, i.e. 2 months after the second dose, 3 months after the third dose, and 19 months after the first dose. Three infants, not included in the data presented above, had preexisting maternal antibodies; one never responded to the vaccine and the other two did not respond until maternal antibody levels had become reduced. The results indicate that the inactivated HAV vaccine is highly immunogenic in seronegative infants and could be included in the routine harmonized infant immunization schedule.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Hepatitis A Antibodies
  • Hepatitis A Vaccines
  • Hepatitis Antibodies / blood*
  • Hepatovirus / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Immunization
  • Infant
  • Vaccines, Inactivated / immunology
  • Viral Hepatitis Vaccines / administration & dosage
  • Viral Hepatitis Vaccines / adverse effects
  • Viral Hepatitis Vaccines / immunology*


  • Hepatitis A Antibodies
  • Hepatitis A Vaccines
  • Hepatitis Antibodies
  • Vaccines, Inactivated
  • Viral Hepatitis Vaccines