Thirteen gastrectomy specimens having diffuse (n = 5), focal (i.e., nodular, n = 6) or combined (n = 2) giant hypertrophic folds at gross examination were reviewed. Of the five specimens with grossly diffuse hypertrophic fundic mucosal folds, two had at histology tortuous foveolar hyperplasia (without intraepithelial lymphocytosis) and prominent glandular cysts; they were classified as Ménétrier's gastropathy. The other three specimens with diffuse foveolar hyperplasia had serrated foveolar infoldings with marked intraepithelial lymphocytosis; they were classified as Ménétrier-like lymphocytic gastritis. Of the six, specimens with multiple mucosal nodules at gross examination, four had focal foveolar hyperplasia with crest depression and no intraepithelial lymphocytosis; they were classified as varioliform gastropathy. The other two specimens with multiple nodules at gross examination had focal foveolar hyperplasia with marked intraepithelial lymphocytosis; they were classified as varioliform gastritis. In the remaining two cases, both diffuse and nodular hypertrophic gastric mucosa were found at gross examination; at histology, both foveolar hyperplasia and intraepithelial lymphocytosis were found. The diffuse or focal distribution of the lesions, the occurrence of intraepithelial lymphocytosis and the architecture of the upper part of the crypts (in diffuse foveolar hyperplasias) were valuable criteria in the differential diagnosis between the various types of foveolar hyperplasia of the stomach.