Women's advancement in medicine and academia: barriers and future perspectives

Tex Med. 1997 Nov;93(11):60-4.


Although women made early advancements in the field of medicine during the second half of the 19th century, they were not able to make relevant strides in both medicine and academia until the 1960s. Despite women's recent advancements, obstacles and barriers to their hope of achieving fairness and equality in their professional and academic careers still exist. These practices include professional discrimination, blatant sexism, lack of appropriate mentors, and unfair faculty promotion processes. In this article, we address the most common problems affecting women physicians' advancement in academic medicine. We also focus on the role of mentorship as a relevant and beneficial factor for progress in their medical and academic careers. Finally, we provide a perspective designed to resolve most of the barriers confronting women physicians in their quest for advancement in academic medicine.

MeSH terms

  • Career Mobility
  • Education, Medical
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Mentors
  • Physicians, Women* / supply & distribution
  • Prejudice
  • United States