Effects of excess PTH on nonclassical target organs

Am J Kidney Dis. 1997 Nov;30(5):606-20. doi: 10.1016/s0272-6386(97)90484-4.


The classical target organs for parathyroid hormone (PTH) are the bone and kidneys. In uremia, however, numerous studies have shown that PTH may also affect the function of a number of nonclassical organs and tissues besides the bone and kidney, including the brain, heart, smooth muscles, lungs, erythrocytes, lymphocytes, pancreas, adrenal glands, and testes. Most of these effects do not apply to the generally accepted actions or normal regulatory mechanisms of PTH. Thus, the potential role of PTH as one of the possibly many toxins in uremia is of current interest. The molecular basis for the actions of elevated PTH levels on various nonrenal and nonskeletal organs or tissues might be mediated via the widespread distribution of the classical PTH/PTH-related peptide (PTHrP) receptors and via the novel PTH2 receptors. The present survey deals with an evaluation of the nonrenal and nonskeletal effects of excess PTH in uremia, taking into consideration the presently available information on the organ-specific expression of the classical and novel PTH receptors, and of the expression and function of PTHrP.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / physiopathology
  • Organ Specificity / drug effects*
  • Organ Specificity / physiology
  • Parathyroid Hormone / pharmacology
  • Parathyroid Hormone / physiology*
  • Parathyroid Hormone-Related Protein
  • Proteins / pharmacology
  • Proteins / physiology
  • Receptors, Parathyroid Hormone / drug effects
  • Receptors, Parathyroid Hormone / physiology
  • Uremia / physiopathology


  • PTHLH protein, human
  • Parathyroid Hormone
  • Parathyroid Hormone-Related Protein
  • Proteins
  • Receptors, Parathyroid Hormone