GFR determined by nonradiolabeled iothalamate using capillary electrophoresis

Am J Kidney Dis. 1997 Nov;30(5):646-52. doi: 10.1016/s0272-6386(97)90488-1.


Traditional measurements of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in clinical practice include the measurement of serum creatinine or creatinine clearance. Increasing evidence concerning the limitation of these measurements in clinical practice and clinical trials has resulted in efforts to develop technologies that improve measurement of GFR. Recent efforts in that regard have used radioisotopic labeling of markers of GFR, such as 125I-iothalamate, and 51Cr-ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. Limitations of these technologies include radiation exposure as well as cost considerations for the management of radioisotopes, including safety, disposal, mailing, and deteriorating activity that results in short shelf life. We report a test that used 0.5 mL Conray dye injected subcutaneously and subsequent measurement of the nonisotopic (cold) iothalamate by capillary electrophoresis in blood and urine. GFR using cold iothalamate compared with standard clearance using 125I-iothalamate was 0.99. The method is cost-effective and allows for avoiding exposure to isotopes, as well as problems such as the disposal and short shelf life of isotopes. This technology could allow for replacement of 125I-iothalamate as a marker for GFR.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Controlled Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Contrast Media* / administration & dosage
  • Contrast Media* / economics
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Drug Interactions
  • Electrophoresis, Capillary / economics
  • Electrophoresis, Capillary / methods
  • Electrophoresis, Capillary / statistics & numerical data
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate*
  • Humans
  • Iodine Radioisotopes / administration & dosage
  • Iothalamic Acid* / administration & dosage
  • Iothalamic Acid* / economics
  • Kidney Function Tests / economics
  • Kidney Function Tests / methods
  • Kidney Function Tests / statistics & numerical data
  • Middle Aged
  • Time Factors


  • Contrast Media
  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Iothalamic Acid