The influence of dobutamine on hemodynamics and coronary blood flow was studied in patients after routine cardiac catheterization. The data demonstrated that dobutamine is a powerful inotropic agent at a dose that has a relatively small influence on heart rate. In patients without coronary artery disease dobutamine greatly increased coronary arterial perfusion. In patients with severe coronary artery diseases dobutamine resulted in a much smaller increase in coronary perfusion, and the pattern of perfusion became more inhomogeneous. The results suggest that dobutamine has a potential inotropic value but raise concern about its influence on regional myocardial perfusion in patients with serious coronary artery disease.