Development of a nonisotopic capillary electrophoresis-based method for measuring glomerular filtration rate

Electrophoresis. 1997 Sep;18(10):1827-35. doi: 10.1002/elps.1150181018.

Abstract

The conditions for quantitative measurement of nonisotopic iothalamate meglumine (Conray) in urine and plasma by capillary zone electrophoresis (CE) have been developed. The impetus for developing this methodology was to replace the traditional [125I]iothalamate glomerular filtration rate (GFR) marker assay, a routine tool in the measurement of kidney function. This new approach for measuring kidney function is attractive since it avoids the cost of administration of radioisotopic compounds to patients, as well as the cost associated with purchase and disposal of isotopic compounds and contaminated samples. The concentration of iothalamate in urine and plasma determined by CE can be used directly to calculate GFR. The GFR in patients injected with [125I]iothalamate and nonisotopic iothalamate simultaneously showed an excellent correlation (0.998) with between-day coefficient of variation of 2.30% and a recovery of 102% and 98%, respectively, when added to urine and plasma. Interference from drugs and other urinary compounds is eliminated with this method. Collectively, this study has shown that CE is a cost-effective alternative to the current methodology for measuring GFR.

MeSH terms

  • Buffers
  • Calibration
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Electrophoresis, Capillary / methods*
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate*
  • Humans
  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Iothalamate Meglumine / administration & dosage
  • Iothalamate Meglumine / analysis
  • Isotope Labeling
  • Kidney Glomerulus / physiology*
  • Quality Control
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Buffers
  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Iothalamate Meglumine