Evidence for linkage between asthma/atopy in childhood and chromosome 5q31-q33 in a Japanese population

Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1997 Nov;156(5):1390-3. doi: 10.1164/ajrccm.156.5.9702084.


Susceptibility to the development of asthma and other atopic diseases is known to be associated with genetic components, and several candidate genes have been reported to be linked to atopy in Caucasian populations. We conducted a study of linkage between asthma and markers on chromosomes 5q31-q33 and 11q13 in 68 Japanese families (306 members) by affected sib-pair analysis. Families for the linkage study were ascertained through asthmatic children visiting the allergy clinic. The results provide supportive evidence for linkage between asthma and gene markers in or near the interleukin-4 (IL-4) gene, the IL-9 gene, and D5S393 on chromosome 5q31-q33 (p = 0.0013, p = 0.018, and p = 0.0077, respectively). Linkage between atopic phenotype and these genetic markers was also suggested (p = 0.006, p = 0.01, and p < 0.0001 for atopy, respectively). However, we failed to find evidence for linkage of asthma or atopy to the IgE high-affinity receptor gene on 11q13 (p > 0.1). These findings indicate that beyond ethnicity, there are specific loci that contribute to susceptibility to atopy on chromosome 5q31-q33. In addition, our findings suggest that loci on chromosome 5q31-q33 are linked to the development of asthma in childhood.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Asthma / ethnology
  • Asthma / genetics*
  • Asthma / immunology
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 5*
  • Disease Susceptibility
  • Genetic Linkage*
  • Humans
  • Hypersensitivity, Immediate / ethnology
  • Hypersensitivity, Immediate / genetics*
  • Hypersensitivity, Immediate / immunology
  • Immunoglobulin E / analysis
  • Immunoglobulin E / genetics
  • Infant
  • Interleukin-4 / genetics
  • Interleukin-9 / genetics
  • Japan
  • Middle Aged
  • Receptors, IgE / genetics


  • Interleukin-9
  • Receptors, IgE
  • Interleukin-4
  • Immunoglobulin E