The comet-tail artifact. An ultrasound sign of alveolar-interstitial syndrome

Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1997 Nov;156(5):1640-6. doi: 10.1164/ajrccm.156.5.96-07096.

Abstract

Can ultrasound be of any help in the diagnosis of alveolar-interstitial syndrome? In a prospective study, we examined 250 consecutive patients in a medical intensive care unit: 121 patients with radiologic alveolar-interstitial syndrome (disseminated to the whole lung, n = 92; localized, n = 29) and 129 patients without radiologic evidence of alveolar-interstitial syndrome. The antero-lateral chest wall was examined using ultrasound. The ultrasonic feature of multiple comet-tail artifacts fanning out from the lung surface was investigated. This pattern was present all over the lung surface in 86 of 92 patients with diffuse alveolar-interstitial syndrome (sensitivity of 93.4%). It was absent or confined to the last lateral intercostal space in 120 of 129 patients with normal chest X-ray (specificity of 93.0%). Tomodensitometric correlations showed that the thickened sub-pleural interlobular septa, as well as ground-glass areas, two lesions present in acute pulmonary edema, were associated with the presence of the comet-tail artifact. In conclusion, presence of the comet-tail artifact allowed diagnosis of alveolar-interstitial syndrome.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Artifacts*
  • Humans
  • Lung / diagnostic imaging*
  • Lung Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Lung Diseases, Interstitial / diagnostic imaging
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Pulmonary Edema / diagnostic imaging
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult / diagnostic imaging
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Syndrome
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Ultrasonography