Changing indications for penetrating keratoplasty in the west of Scotland from 1970 to 1995

Eye (Lond). 1997:11 ( Pt 3):357-60. doi: 10.1038/eye.1997.75.


In an attempt to predict the trends which might occur in the changing patterns of corneal surgery in the next decade and hence the financial implications, a retrospective study of the treatment of corneal disease was carried out using the pathological reports issued during the last 25 years in the West of Scotland Ophthalmic Pathology Service. This is a supra-regional specialist service which covers the major population areas in Scotland, although most of the specimens were submitted by consultants in the teaching hospitals in Glasgow. The major indications for surgery in the 1486 specimens received were post-inflammatory scarring (387 cases), repeat penetrating keratoplasty (309), keratoconus (257), Fuchs' dystrophy (120) and secondary endothelial failure after cataract surgery (158). In the past 6 years the indications changed and the commonest indications were secondary endothelial failure and post-inflammatory scarring. The study demonstrates a regional difference when compared with other reports and highlights the increasing demand for penetrating keratoplasty and the consequent resource implications.

MeSH terms

  • Cataract Extraction / adverse effects
  • Cicatrix / surgery
  • Corneal Diseases / surgery*
  • Fuchs' Endothelial Dystrophy / surgery
  • Humans
  • Keratoconus / surgery
  • Keratoplasty, Penetrating / trends*
  • Reoperation / trends
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Scotland