Quantitative perimetry under binocular viewing conditions in microstrabismus

Vision Res. 1997 Oct;37(19):2801-12. doi: 10.1016/s0042-6989(97)00067-9.


In order to elucidate the type, size and depth of suppression scotomata in microstrabismus and small angle convergent strabismus, we performed binocular static perimetry in 14 subjects with strabismus and four normal observers. The strabismic cases had an objective angle of convergent squint between 1 and 8 deg, visual acuity between 0.1 and 1.25, and limited stereopsis. During testing the subjects fused pictures on two Friedmann visual field analyzers. Right and left eyes were studied separately under both monocular and binocular viewing conditions. In five strabismics a suppression scotoma was found in the squinting eye, with a diameter of 5-30 deg and a depth ranging from 4 to 14 dB. No suppression scotomata could be detected in the nine other subjects nor in the four normal observers. In conclusion, only 36% of subjects with strabismus were found to have a suppression scotoma. These scotomata were centered around the fixation point of the squinting eye, in some cases also encompassing the foveal area, and varying in depth and size.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Esotropia / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Scotoma / etiology
  • Strabismus / complications
  • Strabismus / physiopathology*
  • Vision, Binocular / physiology*
  • Vision, Monocular / physiology
  • Visual Field Tests
  • Visual Fields / physiology*