The culture medium of Diplococcus pneumoniae contains enzymic activity that cleaves Galbeta1 leads to 3GalNAc from desialized human erythrocyte membrane glycoprotein. The enzyme was purified 180-fold by ammonium sulfate fractionation, gel filtration through a Sephadex G-200 column, and DEAE A-25 Sephadex chromatography. The purified enzyme liberates Galbeta1 leads to 3GalNAc from glycopeptides and glycoproteins with Galbeta1 leads to 3GalNAcalpha1 leads to Ser and Thr moieties. The optimum pH of this enzyme is 6.0. Using glycopeptides obtained by trypsin digestion of human erythrocyte membrane glycoprotein as a substrate, a Km of 0.20 mM (on the basis of the amount of Galbeta1 leads to 3GalNAc residues) was obtained. So far, the enzyme appears to have a strict specificity for Galbeta1 leads to 3GalNAcalpha1 leads to Ser and Thr structures, because no oligosaccharides larger than trisaccharides were liberated from porcine submaxillary mucin.