Peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptors

Gen Pharmacol. 1997 Sep;29(3):305-14. doi: 10.1016/s0306-3623(96)00473-9.


1. The pharmacological effects of benzodiazepines are mediated through a class of recognition sites associated with the gamma-aminobutyric acid A receptor. A second class of benzodiazepine binding sites is found in virtually all mammalian peripheral tissues and is therefore called the peripheral type benzodiazepine receptor (PBR). 2. The first section of this review describes the tissue and subcellular distribution of the PBR in mammalian tissues and analyzes its many putative endogenous ligands. 3. The next section deals with the pharmacological, structural and molecular characterization of the PBR that has taken place in the past few years. 4. The final section describes the possible physiological role(s) of the PBR and identifies future work that would help deepen our understanding of the PBR and its function.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Humans
  • Peripheral Nervous System / drug effects
  • Peripheral Nervous System / metabolism
  • Peripheral Nervous System / physiology*
  • Receptors, GABA-A / drug effects
  • Receptors, GABA-A / metabolism
  • Receptors, GABA-A / physiology*


  • Receptors, GABA-A