Angiotensin analogues palmitoylated in positions 1 and 4

J Med Chem. 1997 Sep 26;40(20):3271-9. doi: 10.1021/jm9608669.


Lipidated angiotensin II (Ang) agonists and antagonists were synthesized and evaluated for their biological activities for eventual use an antimyoproliferative agents. Solid phase peptide synthesis was used for the assembly of the peptides with the Fmoc protection scheme. N-Acetyl-Ser1 Ang was palmitoylated on the serine hydroxyl function. The nonpalmitoylated analogue retained one-third of Ang's affinity toward the AT1 receptor on bovine adrenal cortex membranes, and the palmitoylated analogue was essentially inactive. Upon enzymatic lipolysis or mild saponification of the palmitoylated peptide, biological activity was restored. An analogous compound of Ang, N-acetyl-Ser1,beta-D-naphthylalanine8 ([NAcSer1,D-Nal8]Ang), was a pure antagonist on rabbit aorta but with lower affinity. Its O-palmitoylated form was inactive as well but was easily converted to the nonlipidated active form by lipolysis or saponification. Direct palmitoylation of [sarcosine1]Ang with palmitoyl chloride was obtained on the free phenolic hydroxyl of Tyr4 on solid phase on an otherwise fully protected peptide. This lipopeptide was fully active, was comparable to [Sar1]Ang, and exhibited strongly prolonged activity. Lipolysis and saponification under mild conditions yielded standard [Sar1]Ang. The corresponding [Sar1,D-Nal8]Ang was a potent and very long-lasting antagonist (pA2 = 8.1), and its analogous palmitoyl phenyl ester in position 4 was active in its palmitoylated form (antagonist) and, again, returned to the nonlipidated form upon saponification or lipolysis. [Sar1,Tyr4(O-octadecyl)]Ang, an analogue to Tyr-palmitoylated [Sar1]Ang with an octadecyl phenyl ether in position 4, was also prepared. Surprisingly, the ether compound was inactive. Premature hydrolysis of the palmitoyl phenyl ester peptide was excluded by HPLC analysis, and the activity of the ester peptide is attributed to a putative hydrogen bond that may be critical for biological activity. The discovery of potent biologically active lipidated antagonists of Ang gives access to potential antimyoproliferative agents with numerous application possibilities.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adrenal Cortex / drug effects
  • Adrenal Cortex / metabolism
  • Angiotensin II / agonists
  • Angiotensin II / analogs & derivatives*
  • Angiotensin II / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Angiotensin II / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Aorta / drug effects
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects
  • Cattle
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Lipolysis
  • Models, Chemical
  • Palmitic Acid / metabolism*
  • Rabbits
  • Structure-Activity Relationship


  • Angiotensin II
  • Palmitic Acid