[Initial experiences with magnetic resonance endoscopy]

Schweiz Med Wochenschr. 1997 Sep 6;127(36):1482-8.
[Article in German]

Abstract

Background: In contrast to endorectal surface coils used to assess pelvic tumors, the magnetic resonance endoscope (MR) has all the features of a standard endoscope. In ex-vivo imaging of the porcine gastrointestinal tract, endoscopic MR demonstrates distinct histological layers of the gastrointestinal wall. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and the accuracy of endoscopic MR in local staging of patients with esophageal and rectal cancer.

Methods: From April to August 1996, 12 patients (5 female and 7 male, mean age 63 [range 44-84] years) with histologically proven esophageal (n = 6) and rectal (n = 6) cancer prospectively underwent endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) followed by endoscopic MR. The two radiologists reviewing the endoscopic MR images were blinded to the EUS results. Assessment of T and N stages was compared to EUS and histology.

Results: Endoscopic MR was well tolerated in all patients and there were no complications. Image quality was sufficient in 75%. Endoscopic MR T-staging correlated with EUS and histology in 7/12 and 5/7 patients respectively. Discordance was due to overstaging by endoscopic MR. N-staging correlated with EUS and histology in 10/12 and 6/8 cases respectively. Non-correlation was due to a number of false negative results at endoscopic MR.

Conclusion: These early results demonstrate endoscopic MR to be feasible and to produce comparable local staging to EUS in patients with esophageal and rectal cancer. The ultimate goal will be to combine endoscopic MR with body coil MR imaging (for the assessment of distant metastases) in order to provide "one-step staging" for the entire evaluation of gastrointestinal tumors.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Endoscopes, Gastrointestinal*
  • Endosonography / instrumentation
  • Equipment Design
  • Esophageal Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Esophagus / pathology
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / instrumentation*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Prospective Studies
  • Rectal Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Rectum / pathology