Oncogene and tumor suppressor gene alterations in nasal tumors

Mutat Res. 1997 Oct 31;380(1-2):27-31. doi: 10.1016/s0027-5107(97)00124-3.


The development of nasal tumors in humans and rodents is likely mediated through the accumulation of genetic alterations in genes that regulate cell proliferation, cell death and differentiation (oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes). By examination of the relationship between genetic alterations that are known to occur in human cancers with those induced in rodent tumors with defined carcinogenic exposures, biologically relevant mechanistic linkages of molecular events leading to tumors in rodents and humans can be established. Molecular genetic studies on nasal squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) in rats thus far have indicated the presence of oncogenes unrelated to the ras oncogene family and that p53 mutation occurs at a high frequency among the nasal SCC examined. The finding of p53 mutations in rat nasal SCC and the high prevalence of p53 mutations among human SCC, indicates that a common molecular alteration is shared between rodent and human SCC.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / chemically induced*
  • Formaldehyde / toxicity
  • Genes, Tumor Suppressor*
  • Genes, p53
  • Mutation*
  • Nose Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Oncogenes*
  • Rats


  • Formaldehyde