Pathophysiologic theories in the etiology of Meniere's disease

Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 1997 Dec;30(6):961-7.


The etiology of the attacks of vertigo that occur in Meniere's disease is discussed in this article. None of the current theories remain tenable in view of recent findings concerning the physiology and pathophysiology of the cochlea and endolymphatic sac. A new theory suggests that a narrowed duct becomes obstructed by debris that is cleared by a combination of the secretion of hydrophillic proteins within the sac and a hormone, saccin, that increases the volume of endolymph within the cochlea. It is proposed that the sudden restoration of longitudinal flow initiates the attacks of vertigo.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Endolymphatic Sac / anatomy & histology
  • Endolymphatic Sac / physiology
  • Endolymphatic Sac / physiopathology*
  • Humans
  • Meniere Disease / etiology*
  • Meniere Disease / physiopathology*