Vestibular rehabilitation strategies in Meniere's disease

Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 1997 Dec;30(6):1145-58.

Abstract

Once the episodic spells of vertigo associated with Meniere's disease have abated, vestibular rehabilitation exercises play an important role in promoting adaptation to the decreased vestibular input. Outlines of different treatment approaches for three types of patients with Meniere's disease are presented. The exercise approaches advocated here consist of exercises to foster adaptation of the vestibular system in cases of unilateral loss or hypofunction and exercises to promote the substitution of alternative strategies and to enhance remaining function in cases of bilateral vestibular hypofunction. The selection of the appropriate exercises is based on the nature of the vestibular loss, the patient's symptoms, and the functional capabilities of the patient. Based on an understanding of the vestibular system, the balance system, and normal functional capabilities, appropriate rehabilitative exercises can be designed for this group of patients.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Clinical Protocols
  • Exercise Therapy*
  • Humans
  • Meniere Disease / physiopathology*
  • Vestibular Diseases / physiopathology
  • Vestibular Diseases / rehabilitation*