One hundred and forty-three patients were diagnosed as chronic superficial atrophic gastritis of gastric antrum or with metaplasia by means of gastroscopic observation with pathological biopsy examination. They were divided into 4 types (the Spleen-Stomach Cold-Deficiency type, Disharmonious of Liver and Stomach type, Spleen-Stomach Yin Deficiency type and Spleen Deficiency with Qi-Stagnation type) and subdivided according to treatment into two groups, 75 patients of treatment group of above-mentioned 4 types were treated with Piweiping capsule (PWPC) I, II, III, IV respectively, 68 patients of control group were all treated with Sanjiu Weitai (SJWT). After 3-6 months of treatment, the improvement of gastric mucosa cyclic adenosine monophosphate, deoxyribonucleic acid, 3H-thymopyrimidine nucleoside and lymphocyte transformation of treatment group were all superior to that of control group, P < 0.05-0.001. The curative rate and total effective rate of symptomatic effect of treatment group were 49.3% and 92.0%, while at intestinal metaplasia of treatment group were 45.3% and 62.7%. As in control group, they were 29.4%, 67.6%, 10.3% and 29.4% respectively. The difference between two groups was significant, P < 0.001. These results suggested that the PWPC could reverse the intestinal metaplasia through improving the gastric cAMP, DNA and strengthening the cellular immunity and the effect would be enhanced when the treatment was based on syndrome differentiation.