Antiangiogenic Therapy of Experimental Cancer Does Not Induce Acquired Drug Resistance

Nature. 1997 Nov 27;390(6658):404-7. doi: 10.1038/37126.

Abstract

Acquired drug resistance is a major problem in the treatment of cancer. Of the more than 500,000 annual deaths from cancer in the United States, many follow the development of resistance to chemotherapy. The emergence of resistance depends in part on the genetic instability, heterogeneity and high mutational rate of tumour cells. In contrast, endothelial cells are genetically stable, homogeneous and have a low mutational rate. Therefore, antiangiogenic therapy directed against a tumour's endothelial cells should, in principle, induce little or no drug resistance. Endostatin, a potent angiogenesis inhibitor, was administered to mice bearing Lewis lung carcinoma, T241 fibrosarcoma or B16F10 melanoma. Treatment was stopped when tumours had regressed. Tumours were then allowed to re-grow and endostatin therapy was resumed. After 6, 4 or 2 treatment cycles, respectively, no tumours recurred after discontinuation of therapy. These experiments show that drug resistance does not develop in three tumour types treated with a potent angiogenesis inhibitor. An unexpected finding is that repeated cycles of antiangiogenic therapy are followed by prolonged tumour dormancy without further therapy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Carcinoma, Lewis Lung / drug therapy
  • Collagen / pharmacology*
  • Cyclophosphamide / pharmacology
  • Drug Resistance, Neoplasm*
  • Endostatins
  • Fibrosarcoma / drug therapy
  • Melanoma, Experimental / drug therapy
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy
  • Neoplasm Transplantation
  • Neoplasms, Experimental / blood supply
  • Neoplasms, Experimental / complications
  • Neoplasms, Experimental / drug therapy*
  • Neoplasms, Experimental / pathology
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / drug therapy*
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / etiology
  • Peptide Fragments / pharmacology*

Substances

  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Endostatins
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Collagen