Assessment of oestrogen and progesterone receptors (ER and PgR) in breast cancer is widely used for the prediction of response to endocrine therapy and as a prognostic marker. Cytosolic assays have been replaced in many centres by immunochemical techniques, which have many advantages including applicability to small samples, simplicity, and cost-effectiveness. This study describes the generation and characterisation of two novel murine monoclonal antibodies recognizing ER and PgR, designated NCL-ER-6F11 and NCL-PGR respectively, which are effective in heat-treated formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue. The antibodies have been characterized by Western blotting and by immunohistochemistry on normal and pathological breast and other tissues. NCL-ER-6F11 has been shown to compare favourably with a currently available ER antibody. These antibodies may prove of value in the assessment of hormone receptor status in human breast cancer.