There has been a controversy as to the origin of lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei (LMDF). It was originally thought to be associated with tuberculosis, due to its histopathological similarity. Recently, this association has been doubted, although there remain reported cases of LMDF associated with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Three patients with the clinical and histopathological features of LMDF are described. Skin from these patients was analysed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using two different oligoprimers for the detection of 123 bp and 165 bp DNA fragments specific for M. tuberculosis complex. With these two PCR systems, no M. tuberculosis DNA was detected in any of the LMDF patients. It was present in all positive controls and absent in all negative controls. In this study we could not demonstrate an association between LMDF and tuberculosis.