We experienced a rare case of the mitral regurgitation due to papillary muscle rupture after percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy (PTMC). This case was a seventy years old female who underwent PTMC. The cardiac tamponade and mitral regurgitation occurred after PTMC. Pericardial drainage was done immediately, and the next day the emergency operation was required. Rupture of the posterior papillary muscle was found at the operation, and mitral valve replacement was performed. Her postoperative course was uneventful and she discharged on the 26th day after the operation. We should take the papillary muscle rupture into consideration if there are severe sub-valvular lesion and shorting of the chorda.