Partial trisomy 4q due to familial 2/4 translocation

Hum Genet. 1976 Jul 27;33(2):147-53. doi: 10.1007/BF00281888.


The case of a 5-year-old boy with partial trisomy for the long arm of chromosome No. 4 is described. The pattern of abnormal development in this and in 12 previously reported cases is similar, but the phenotype is not as characteristic as that associated with some other types of chromosomal imbalance. The most consistent features are: growth and mental retardation, small head with narrow forehead, short philtrum, relatively large ears with incomplete differentiation of the pinnae, cryptorchidism, oedema of the hands and/or feet, and renal anomalies. Abnormal development of the thumb was present in 4 of 13 cases. Eleven of the 13 families had balanced translocation carriers whose future offspring would be at increased risk for a mental retardation syndrome.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Child, Preschool
  • Chromosome Aberrations*
  • Chromosomes, Human, 1-3*
  • Chromosomes, Human, 4-5*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Phenotype
  • Translocation, Genetic*
  • Trisomy*