Self-reported Anxiety, General Medical Conditions, and Disability Bed Days

Am J Psychiatry. 1997 Dec;154(12):1766-8. doi: 10.1176/ajp.154.12.1766.


Objective: This study examined the effect of self-reported anxiety on the number of days persons with various general medical conditions spend in bed owing to disability.

Method: Self-reported medical illness and disability data from a nationally representative household survey sample (N = 20,884) were analyzed.

Results: Among respondents with general medical conditions, those with self-reported anxiety had a nearly fourfold greater length of disability (mean = 18.0 bed days) than the nonanxious respondents (mean = 4.8 bed days). After adjustment for differences in demographic characteristics and burden of general medical illness, anxiety was associated with an additional 3.8 bed days.

Conclusions: Self-reported anxiety in combination with general medical conditions may be associated with extensive functional impairment.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anxiety Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Bed Rest / statistics & numerical data*
  • Disabled Persons / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Health Status*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged