To improve our knowledge of the bioactive conformation of CCK-B antagonists, we have developed a new series of constrained dipeptoids whose synthesis and biochemical properties are reported here. These compounds, of general structure N alpha-[(2-adamantyloxy)carbonyl]-alpha-methyltryptophanyl-(4 -X)-proline, were designed by introducing a cyclization in the structure of the previously described CCK-B/peptoid antagonist RB 210, N-[N-[(2-adamantyloxy)carbonyl]-DL-alpha-methyltryptophanyl] -N-(2-phenylethyl)glycine (Blommaert et al. J. Med. Chem. 1993, 36, 2868-2877), by means of a five-membered ring. Structure-affinity relationship studies showed that an R configuration of Trp-C alpha and a cis configuration of the pyrrolidine substituents were favorable for receptor recognition. The most potent compounds of this new series had similar affinities for the CCK-B receptor as RB 210 and proved to be far more efficient in inhibiting inositol phosphate production in CHO cells stably transfected with rat brain CCK-B receptor, with IC50 values approaching those of the commonly used antagonists L-365,260 and PD-134,308. Moreover, binding studies performed using transfected CHO cells showed that two affinity states of the CCK-B receptor can be discriminated by some of these compounds which also have different biological profiles and are therefore highly interesting tools for the biochemical and pharmacological characterization of CCK-B receptor heterogeneity.