Salmonella Typhimurium Brain Abscess in a Six-Month-Old Infant: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Changgeng Yi Xue Za Zhi. 1997 Sep;20(3):219-25.

Abstract

We report the case of a six-month-old male infant with brain abscess caused by Salmonella typhimurium. Upon admission, he was suffering from fever, diarrhea, drowsiness and convulsion. Salmonella meningitis was identified by CSF examination. Following failure of antibiotic therapy to control his fever, brain computerized tomography (CT) was ordered 5 days later and revealed a brain abscess. He received surgical excision of the abscess and recovered completely after receiving ceftriaxone therapy for 8 weeks. The case of our patient, together with 11 cases of Salmonella brain abscess from the English literature are reviewed. There was a male preponderance among these patients (male: female = 2.67 : 1) and the majority were less than one year old. Salmonella typhimurium, typhi, and enteritidis occurred most frequently. Fever, seizure, signs and symptoms of increased intracranial pressure and change in mental status were the most common clinical features. Purulent meningitis was a major predisposing factor. Successful treatment was associated with early identification, prompt surgical intervention, high dose, long-term antibiotic therapy, and close follow-up for possible recurrence and to determine the presence of neurological sequelae.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
  • Brain Abscess / etiology*
  • Brain Abscess / therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Salmonella Infections / etiology*
  • Salmonella Infections / therapy

Substances

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents