Mycobacterium aurum is considered a surrogate of M. tuberculosis and recently has been proposed as test organism in high throughput screening of antituberculosis drugs (3). In this investigation, we suggest use of a recombinant M. aurum expressing E. coli lacZ gene, in which beta-galactosidase production is the reporter system as recently reported by us (6). The assay is based on production of beta-galactosidase in presence of drugs during growth. Enzyme production was inhibited within 4 h by frontline antimycobacterial drugs like streptomycin, rifampicin, isoniazid, ethambutol, ofloxacin, and sparfloxacin at their MICs. The assay could be performed conveniently in 96-well microtiter plate format.