Universal skew of T cell receptor (TCR) V beta usage for Crohn's disease (CrD)

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1997 Nov 26;240(3):545-51. doi: 10.1006/bbrc.1997.7691.


It would be of clear interest and importance to identify T cell populations which correlate with the initiation of some T cell-mediated diseases; however, it is difficult to observe the initial response of T cells in these diseases because of modification due to immunosuppressive treatment. We investigated T cell receptor (TCR) V beta usage in both affected and unaffected mucosa from 16 patients with active Crohn's disease (CrD), undergoing nutritional therapy without any immunomodulatory medications. Semiquantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction showed increased expression of V beta 12 and 13 in the entire mucosa of CrD but not in the controls. This was confirmed by introducing a random cloning method. Such skewing was observed primarily in CD4+ lamina propria lymphocytes. DNA sequence analysis demonstrated a striking clonal expansion of V beta 12 T cells, but the dominant clones were not identical in the patients. These findings suggest the importance of superantigen as well as specific T cell response in the pathogenesis of CrD.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes / immunology*
  • CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes / immunology*
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Crohn Disease / immunology*
  • Female
  • Gene Expression
  • Humans
  • Intestinal Mucosa / immunology*
  • Japan
  • Male
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta / genetics*
  • Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta / immunology


  • RNA, Messenger
  • Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta