Genomewide scan of multiple sclerosis in Finnish multiplex families

Am J Hum Genet. 1997 Dec;61(6):1379-87. doi: 10.1086/301637.

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurological, demyelinating disorder with a putative autoimmune etiology. It is thought to be a multifactorial disease with a complex mode of inheritance. Here we report the results of a two-stage genomewide scan for loci predisposing to MS. The first stage of the screen, with a low-resolution map, was performed in a selection of 16 pedigrees collected from an isolated Finnish population. Multipoint, non-parametric linkage analysis of the 328 markers did not reveal statistically significant results. However, 10 slightly interesting regions (P = .1-.15) emerged, including our previous findings of the HLA complex on 6p21 and a putative locus on 5p14-p12. Eight of these novel regions were further analyzed by use of denser marker maps, in the second stage of the scan. For the chromosomal regions 4cen, 11tel, and 17q, the statistical significance increased, but not conclusively; for 2q32 and 10q21, the statistical significance did not change. Accordingly, genotyping of the high-density markers in these regions was performed, and the data were analyzed by use of two-point, parametric linkage analysis using the complete pedigree information of the 21 Finnish multiplex families. We detected suggestive evidence for a predisposing locus on chromosomal region 17q22-q24. Several markers on 17q22-q24 yielded positive LOD scores, with the maximum LOD score (Zmax) occurring with D17S807 (Zmax = 2.8, theta = .04; dominant model). Interestingly, a suggestive linkage between MS and the markers on 17q22-q24 was also revealed by a recent genomewide scan in MS families from the United Kingdom.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Autoimmune Diseases / epidemiology
  • Autoimmune Diseases / genetics*
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes, Human / genetics
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17 / genetics
  • Disease Susceptibility
  • Ethnic Groups / genetics
  • Female
  • Finland / epidemiology
  • Gene Frequency
  • Genetic Markers
  • Genome, Human*
  • Haplotypes / genetics
  • Humans
  • Lod Score
  • Male
  • Multiple Sclerosis / epidemiology
  • Multiple Sclerosis / ethnology
  • Multiple Sclerosis / genetics*
  • Pedigree

Substances

  • Genetic Markers