A retrospective analysis of seizure outcome and quality of life assessment was done in 64 patients under 18 years of age with medically refractory epilepsy who underwent 64 primary and 16 repeat operative procedures in an attempt to control their epilepsy. At least 2 years' follow-up data were available for each patient. Operative procedures were 44 temporal lobe resections; 16 extratemporal resections; and 4 hemispherectomies. Effective control of previously intractable seizures was obtained in most patients: 55%, 11%, and 17% achieved Engel class I, II, and III status, respectively. Successful seizure control was thus obtained in 83%, while 17% (Engel class IV) failed to improve significantly after operation. Quality-of-life measures parallelled the improvements in seizures control, being highest in Engel I, outcome group and lowest in Engel IV outcome group. In appropriately selected pediatric and adolescent patients with medical refractory epilepsy, surgical management can offer a safe and effective adjunct to medication.