Severe rhabdomyolysis with renal failure after intranasal cocaine use

J Emerg Med. 1997 Nov-Dec;15(6):833-7. doi: 10.1016/s0736-4679(97)00193-5.


A case of acute renal failure due to rhabdomyolysis in a patient who used cocaine on a daily basis is presented. In contrast to many prior reports of renal failure occurring with cocaine-associated rhabdomyolysis, our patient did not use intravenous cocaine and did not have any evidence of trauma, seizure, hypotension, hyperthermia, hyperactivity, or coma. His creatine phosphokinase peaked at 448,000 U/liter. He was treated initially with forced diuresis and i.v. furosemide, but he became oliguric, developed pulmonary edema, and required hemodialysis. He recovered fully after 3 weeks of dialysis. The literature is reviewed in an attempt to delineate a rational approach to evaluating cocaine users at risk for rhabdomyolysis.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acute Kidney Injury / etiology*
  • Acute Kidney Injury / therapy
  • Adult
  • Cocaine-Related Disorders / complications*
  • Creatine Kinase / blood
  • Emergencies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Renal Dialysis
  • Rhabdomyolysis / chemically induced*
  • Rhabdomyolysis / complications


  • Creatine Kinase