Surgical treatment of endocarditis

Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 1997 Nov-Dec;40(3):239-64. doi: 10.1016/s0033-0620(97)80036-9.


Since early investigators first suggested that the treatment of endocarditis should include valve replacement for infections not readily controlled with medical therapy alone, the role of surgery has become expanded, yet refined, to improve the outcome of patients with this potentially fatal disease. Innovative surgical techniques have also been developed in an effort to improve the results of surgical treatment for complex sequelae of invasive infections. This article examines the current indications for surgical intervention, compares the various surgical options, and assesses the expected short-and long-term outcome after valve replacement for patients with native valve or prosthetic valve endocarditis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cardiac Surgical Procedures / methods*
  • Endocarditis / etiology
  • Endocarditis / surgery*
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis
  • Humans
  • Patient Selection
  • Prosthesis-Related Infections / surgery