Comparative in vitro effectiveness of closed root debridement with fine instruments on specific areas of mandibular first molar furcations. II. Furcation area

J Periodontol. 1997 Nov;68(11):1098-101. doi: 10.1902/jop.1997.68.11.1098.


The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the extent of deposits removed from within the furcation area of mandibular first molars following the use of curets with a modified blade and slim ultrasonic inserts in an in vitro model simulating a closed root debridement approach to furcation treatment. The furcation areas of 100 artificial mandibular first molars were uniformly coated with black model paint. The molars were fixed into a custom acrylic model, maintained in a firm position with modified occlusal splints, and the roots covered with a heavy rubber dam. The model was set in a mannequin and mounted on a dental chair recreating a clinical situation. Fifty molars (25 right, 25 left) were instrumented with the experimental curets and an equivalent number of molars with the ultrasonic inserts. An experienced dental hygienist completed all the instrumentation, spending 4 minutes on each molar. The molars were sectioned buccolingually from the crown apically to separate the roots, and areas in the internal surface of mesial and distal roots were analyzed to determine the percentage of deposits remaining using a computerized imaging routine system. A 2-factor analysis of variance was conducted to test for differences between both types of instruments. The curets produced furcation root surfaces with significantly less percentage of residual deposits than the ultrasonic inserts (P < 0.01). This study indicates the potential value of small bladed curets in debriding involved furcations during initial therapy and supportive periodontal therapy. The current findings should be corroborated in a clinical study.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acrylic Resins
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Curettage / instrumentation
  • Debridement
  • Dental Deposits / pathology
  • Dental Deposits / therapy
  • Dental Hygienists
  • Dental Scaling / instrumentation*
  • Furcation Defects / pathology
  • Furcation Defects / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Mandible
  • Models, Anatomic
  • Models, Dental
  • Molar / pathology*
  • Periodontal Diseases / therapy
  • Root Planing / instrumentation*
  • Tooth Root / pathology*
  • Tooth, Artificial
  • Ultrasonic Therapy / instrumentation


  • Acrylic Resins