PET and NMR dual acquisition (PANDA): applications to isolated, perfused rat hearts

NMR Biomed. 1997 May;10(3):138-42. doi: 10.1002/(sici)1099-1492(199705)10:3<138::aid-nbm474>;2-h.


Positron emission tomography and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy are non-invasive techniques that allow serial metabolic measurements to be obtained in a single subject. Significant advantages could be obtained if both types of scans could be acquired with a single machine. A small-scale PET scanner, designed to operate in a high magnetic field, was therefore constructed and inserted into the top half of a 7.3 cm bore, 9.4 T NMR magnet and its performance characterized. The magnetic field did not significantly affect either the sensitivity (approximately 3 kcps/MBq) or the spatial resolution (2.0 mm full width at half maximum, measured using a 0.25 mm diameter line source) of the scanner. However, the presence of the PET scanner resulted in a small decrease in field homogeneity. The first, simultaneous 31P NMR spectra (200, 80 degrees pulses collected at 6 s intervals) and PET images (transverse, mid-ventricular slices at the level of the mitral value) from isolated, perfused rat hearts were acquired using a specially designed NMR probe inserted into the bottom half of the magnet. The PET images were of excellent quality, enabling the left ventricular wall and interventricular septum to be clearly seen. In conclusion, we have demonstrated the simultaneous acquisition of PET and NMR data from perfused rat hearts; we believe that the combination of these two powerful techniques has tremendous potential in both the laboratory and the clinic.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Triphosphate / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Biological Transport
  • Energy Metabolism*
  • Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 / pharmacokinetics*
  • Heart / diagnostic imaging*
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy / methods*
  • Male
  • Myocardium / metabolism*
  • Perfusion
  • Phantoms, Imaging*
  • Phosphocreatine / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Tomography, Emission-Computed / methods*


  • Phosphocreatine
  • Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
  • Adenosine Triphosphate