Cytogenetic and clinical findings in a patient with a deletion of 16q23.1: first report of bilateral cataracts and a 16q deletion

Am J Med Genet. 1997 Dec 12;73(2):180-3. doi: 10.1002/(sici)1096-8628(1997)73:2<180::aid-ajmg13>;2-q.


The most commonly reported manifestations of 16q deletions are severe growth and developmental disorders and anomalies of the craniofacial, visceral, and musculoskeletal systems. We reviewed the findings of patients reported with 16q- syndrome and compared them to our patient, a 4 1/2-year-old boy with a deletion of 16q23.1. Findings include psychomotor retardation, hypotonia, high forehead, hypertelorism, upslanting palpebral fissures, low-set abnormally modeled ears, and talipes equinovarus. Anomalies present in our patient not reported in others with 16q- syndrome include bilateral cataracts, iris coloboma, and autistic-like behavior. It is of note that a locus for autosomal dominant congenital cataract, known as Marner cataract, was mapped previously to 16q22. Because our patient has bilateral cataracts and a unilateral iris coloboma, it seems likely that a gene involved in ocular development is located within 16q23.1. Our patient's deletion may also include the gene involved in Marner cataract and may further assist in the isolation of this gene.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple / genetics*
  • Autistic Disorder / genetics
  • Cataract / genetics*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Chromosome Aberrations / genetics*
  • Chromosome Deletion*
  • Chromosome Disorders
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16 / genetics*
  • Coloboma / genetics
  • Craniofacial Abnormalities / genetics*
  • Growth Disorders / genetics
  • Humans
  • Iris / abnormalities
  • Male
  • Muscle Hypotonia
  • Psychomotor Disorders / genetics*