[Cerebrospinal nematodiasis in seven goats]

Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd. 1997;139(6):282-7.
[Article in German]


Clinical findings in seven goats affected with cerebrospinal nematodiasis are described. The animals originated from different parts of Switzerland. The disease occurred mainly in winter. The animals were admitted to the clinic because of progressive pelvic limb ataxia, recumbency, vestibular disease and circling. Clinical findings were complete or incomplete posterior paresis, pelvic limb ataxia, circling, reduced cutaneous sensation and proprioceptive deficits as well as cranial nerve reflexes deficits. The general condition was slightly reduced and the appetite was normal. In three goats predominance of mononuclear and eosinophilic cells in the cerebrospinal fluid was interpreted as typical findings for parasite infestation in the central nervous system. Histopathological changes and the finding of a nematode in cross sections in two affected animals confirmed the diagnosis. Infection with Elaphostrongylus cervi is discussed due to close contact with deer.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brain / parasitology
  • Brain / pathology
  • Female
  • Goat Diseases* / epidemiology
  • Goat Diseases* / physiopathology
  • Goats
  • Larva
  • Nematoda / isolation & purification
  • Nematode Infections / epidemiology
  • Nematode Infections / physiopathology
  • Nematode Infections / veterinary*
  • Switzerland / epidemiology